Endometriosis and Pregnancy

Endometriosis is a condition where cells similar to those making up the lining of the uterus are found in other parts of the body, commonly the ovaries or fallopian tubes, but it could also occur in other areas.

Despite these cells growing in other areas of the body, they still react in the same way as they would in the uterus. Hormones are naturally released in a woman's body, causing the uterine cells to build up each month and form a thick uterine lining for potential pregnancy and then breaking down and bleeding if a pregnancy does not occur. However, whereas the cells in the womb will leave the body as a period, for the cells in other areas of the body, the blood has no way of leaving and will remain in the body.

This build up of blood can lead to inflammation, pain and the formation of scar tissue. It can also lead to very painful or heavy periods and can be debilitating for some.

Unfortunately, it is extremely common and effects around 1.5 million women in the UK alone. The exact cause is unknown and any women of childbearing age could be affected. There are a number of theories as to why it occurs, and it is assumed that a range of factors normally play a part, including a genetic predisposition and environmental factors.